A biopsy is the removal of tissue in order to examine it for disease. The tissue samples can be taken from any part of the body. Biopsies are performed in several different ways. Some biopsies involve removing a small amount of tissue with a needle while others involve surgically removing an entire lump, or nodule, that is suspicious. Biopsies are conducted using CT, ultrasound, MRI or fluoroscopy to precisely locate and evaluate masses or suspicious areas throughout much of the body. Radiologists use tiny instruments to take small tissue samples that are evaluated for cancer.
Depending on the patient condition and diagnosis required, your team specialist may recommend a biopsy such as:
Needle Biopsy :
During a needle biopsy, a special needle is used to extract cells from a suspicious area. When combined with an imaging procedure, such as x-ray or ultrasound, needle biopsy can be used to collect cells from a suspicious area that cannot be felt through the skin.
Bone Biopsy :
A bone biopsy is a procedure in which a small sample of bone is taken from the body and looked at under a microscope for cancer, infection, or other bone disorders. A bone biopsy is often done on bone areas that show problems on an X-ray. A Computed tomography (CT scan) may be used to guide the biopsy needle.